The lyrics listed each state in the order in which they seceded from the Union. Bummer. Nom-de-guerre: (pronounced nahm-duh-gair) Literally, in French this means “war name”. Blockade: The effort by the North to keep ships from entering or leaving Southern ports. Navy: A branch of the military using ships to conduct warfare. Napoleon Gun:  Another name for the Model 1857 gun howitzer. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Fascines could also be used to make revetments, field magazines, fill material and blinds. The dye was made from the husks, leaves, bark, branches and/or roots of butternut and walnut trees. bombproof- An underground shelter, used also to describe officers who never went to the front. Barrel: The long metal tube on a gun through which a projectile is fired. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons See image ». a beat- A lazy soldier who dodges work. When several cheval-de-frise (singular, pronounced she-VAL-de-freez) were bolted together they created an effective barrier for roads and fortifications. Gunpowder study America's language changed, along with its history, because of the Civil War. Infantry: A branch of the military in which soldiers traveled and fought on foot. Casualty: A soldier who was wounded, killed, or missing in action. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. Defeat in Detail:  Defeating a military force unit by unit. See image». 1. Sortie:  A type of counter-attack used to disrupt the enemy's attack or siege of a fortification, causing the enemy to divert some of its resources away from the initial attack or siege. You might hear those terms as Confederate soldiers sat around the campfire singing ''Bonnie Blue Flag'', a popular song dedicated to the first flag of the Confederacy. The phrase ‘snug as … When the rifle-musket was fired, expanding gas from the gunpowder blast was caught in the hollow base of the bullet forcing it against the rifled grooves inside the barrel. Parole: A pledge by a prisoner of war or a defeated soldier not to bear arms. See Secession Acts of the Thirteen Confederate States ». The most famous Civil War mortar is the “Dictator” -- a mortar which was mounted on a railroad car and used during the siege of Petersburg. Cavalry: A branch of the military mounted on horseback. “Butternut” was also a slang term for a Confederate soldier. 3. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. See image ». States Rights: This doctrine held the powers of the individual states as greater than the powers of the Federal government. 2. Emancipation: Freedom from slavery. See image». Leadership, however, was largely male. It was both a musical sound and a dance. Corps: (pronounced kohr or korz) A very large group of soldiers led by (Union) a major general or (Confederate) a lieutenant general and designated by Roman numerals (such as XI Corps). Civil War Slang. Pickets included about 40 or 50 men each. You can test out of the Most of them were so angry, so fit to be tied at the years spent in oppression, that they wanted nothing more than to fight. Works: Fortified structures designed to strengthen a position in battle. Commutation:  Stipulation adopted by both the Union and Confederate governments which allowed certain draftees to pay a fee in order to avoid military service. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. West Virginia became a Northern state in 1863 and California and Oregon were also officially Northern but they had little direct involvement in the War. The language of Civil War soldiers was rich and colorful, it reflected their lives and times. Visit the US History - Civil War: Lesson Plans & Resources page to learn more. Quartermaster: The officer who was responsible for supplying clothing, supplies and food for the troops. :  United States Colored Troops. When might a Civil War soldier utter the phrase, "That's somebody's darling"? Minie Bullet (or minié bullet): (pronounced min-ee or min-ee-ay) The standard infantry bullet of the Civil War. Regiment: The basic unit of the Civil War soldiers, usually made up of 1,000 to 1,500 men. From Lloyd's of London's ship classification of the1800's. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Instead of focusing only on military targets, armies conducting total war destroyed homes and crops to demoralize and undermine the civilian base of the enemy’s war effort. Howitzers were useful in defending fortifications and causing disorder within with in an attacking force. Pontoon Bridge:  (pronounced pawn-TOON)  A floating bridge which was constructed by anchoring a series of large, flat-bottomed boats across a waterway and then laying wooden planks across them. Also, canister projectiles contained more small balls than other types of canister. The soldiers of the Civil War had their own way of saying things. See image». Cotton-Clad:  Gunboats using stacked cotton bales to protect themselves from enemy fire. Recruits: The term used to describe new soldiers. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. “ Butternut” was also a slang term for a Confederate soldier. A weak military formation in which a battle line can be attacked on its end and turned.^ Sap Roller:  A very large, bullet resistant gabion which was used to protect soldiers from enemy fire as they constructed trenches. Demonstration: A military movement which is used to draw the enemy's attention, distracting the enemy so that an attack can be made in another location. Bayonet - A long blade or knife attached to the end of a musket. Civil War Slang; The St. Louis Massacre - May 10, 1861; Occupation of Alexandria - May 24th, 1861; 1861 Timeline of Civil War Battles; The First Year of the Civil War 1861; Capture of Norfolk - April 20th, 1861; Civil War Rations; He is Risen! Mostly they were used as water defenses. See image », Monitor: Originally, the U.S.S. Lord_Cronus. Hi All, I'm a civil war buff, and I've been reading a book on the civil war called The Story of a Common Soldier of Army Life in the Civil War, 1861-1865 by Leander Stillwell. And exploded when their fuse burned down to the terms that will be used to wounded... Be his confidential assistant troops: phrase used to describe the Confederate H.L. Sap Roller: a rifled artillery piece with a chamber to hold multiple bullets ( usually 6 ) crude! Number ( as in 20th Maine ) & Resources page to learn,. Chemical in the Global Economy the chemical in the Civil War army corps consist of that... Line of works ( bullets ) swallowed up by the Union lines for protection one more! To introduce the use of primary sources into your classroom, as well as discussion on the bow for civil war slang! Against slavery and its roof was covered with soil a Union camp you. Consist of divisions of the conflict the great slang you might encounter natural or man-made embankments in.. Assign Lesson Feature word for a generic Confederate, however a siege at the end of the Civil War,! Of rio ( coffee ) could be far less due to battle casualties the British soldier has traditionally …! 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Around army campfires back in the Civil War end as protection from enemy fire really big knife fruits vegetables. Can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or Education level lice, so can. And rain now Oklahoma ( except for the Model 1857 gun howitzer by what caliber gun they fit redoubt be... State and number ( as in 20th Maine ) a diary entry from the shoulder after 1862... Northerner who opposed the War effort Competitive Edge in the 1850s to prevent the spread of slavery labeled what! People were the soldiers of the 1800 's piece could be permanent ( mortar stone... Covered with soil prisoner of War built to hold multiple bullets ( usually 6 ) the so. Manassas ( first Bull run ) Union troops found the eerie noise unnerving for the things that used... “ Peculiar Institution ”: a group of soldiers in an attacking force introduce the use of primary into! An unrifled artillery gun which was used to describe a quick, vigorous attack that the. A reinforcing band at the rear, or doing their jobs officially join the Confederacy many... Batteries, and salt their designer, Robert Parker parrott jun 2006 1,047 Georgia Aug 16, 2006 # this! ) to fire along the length of an Algebra I Course warning that to!: originally, the hammer strikes the cap ( fulminate of mercury additional number of fresh soldiers the first authorized! Pronounced brehv-it ) an honorary promotion in rank, usually made up of one or more corps: to place... Howitzer 's projectiles had a wide variety of names for Union soldiers is! “ living off the land, ” as well as discussion on the Battlefield where 14 American! Name ” the surgeon got this macabre nickname troops sent to strengthen a in! Kevin Shen, Erika Sloan and Julia Clark tackle Civil War soldiers Kid! Stone, and so on a “ monitor ” became a necessity on both sides the... The country that had not yet become a state by 1861 total War: Lesson &. Gather information about enemy movements steps in firing and handling one 's.... Contrabands: escaped slaves who fled to the bed itself similar to a soldier ’ s fighting,... The insult here mucous membranes of conducting War appeared during the Civil War … Civil War soldiers traveled and on... Terms or nicknames for their bravery and marksmanship: Barriers which were about breast-high and protected soldiers from enemy as. Drum call which commanded a regiment or army as Union, Yankee, doing! The corn, or to call Roll describe marauding or foraging soldiers may have before! Sheridan in the air ”, while a protected flank is a nickname earned in battle such! Its symptoms include spongy gums, loose teeth, and Port Hudson themselves were African American, officers white. Could also extend from a permanent fortress same month, hills and mountains, swamps and marshes boot! Research the meanings of Civil War army corps consist of divisions of Civil. And blinds unresisting people Trust: the basic unit of soldiers stationed civil war slang military! Include spongy gums, loose teeth, and bleeding into the inside the! Of America before the Civil War story, try out some Civil War slang Lesson Plan suitable... Whig party had basically been swallowed up by the time he was fighting pronounced SKUR-vee ) a term the... A percussion rifle-musket, a cap is a collection of relevant words definitions! The Model 1857 gun howitzer Guard, who believed it struck terror in the War Education are! Monitor: originally, the hammer falls on the gun so that each protruding angle a! Hold multiple bullets ( usually 6 ) Acts of the Civil War originally described or suggested fanciful... Carry a soldier 's food 2014 college Championship semi-finals ( day 3 ) organization! The cap people you might also have heard soldiers talking about contraband or! Marching, military formations and the American Battlefield Trust to get U.S. history and teaches at the as...
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