Previous research has shown that these factors are important determinants of participation and continuation in organized sports [43,44]. Furthermore, the results suggest an increased attention to making public spaces more attractive and suitable for sports participation. Author Information . However, the interaction effects showed that having strong controlled motivations was related to a higher sports frequency particularly among sports club members, in contrast to those in informal (mainly) public space settings. The higher level of social recognition among sports club members corresponds to the findings of Hodge et al. In addition, intensity of participation moderated the links between attainment value and identity and flow, and ability self-concept and identity, for older students. (2011). The current study aimed to provide additional evidence of the effects of sport participation on self-esteem and happiness. The methods used to evaluate the previous constructs are described based on a bibliometric analysis of the information base obtained from psychology, physical activity and sports specialized data bases. Sports are the social activity by the very definition — even when they are not played in the team, they are spectated by other people. Person-oriented, qualitative research approaches could contribute to this. Based on the social-ecological framework, we hypothesize that both sociodemographic and motivational variables may have different effects on sports frequency depending on the specific setting for sports activities. The current study lends further support to research conducted by Chen et al., (5), Pederson and Seidman (20), Slutzky and Simpkins (28), and Bowker (4), who all found that peer acceptance and positive sport self-concept acted as mediators between sport participation and self-esteem. (13 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), Compared a broad cross-section of 36 male and 47 female elite athletes (aged 15–28 yrs) to a normative sample of 2,436 nonathletes (aged 13–48 yrs) on the 13 self-concept scales of the Self-Description Questionnaire III (SDQ—III). Most participants indicated that unorganized informal settings (mainly a public space) were their principal sports setting (55.4%), followed by sports clubs (26.3%) and non-club organized settings (facilities such as gyms) (18.4%). Rather than focusing on contrasts between sport and deviant behaviour, the article draws attention to the commonality of sporting and criminal/drug use experiences. Goals were particularly highly interrelated with sports settings and impacted sports frequency. Moreover, we measured both motivations and goals, and these scales were both based on psychological theories of motivation. No, PLOS is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation, #C2354500, based in San Francisco, California, US, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205198, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6672-7, https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-116-4-350_1, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soncn.2008.05.004, http://statline.cbs.nl/Statweb/publication/?DM=SLNL&PA=37325&D1=0&D2=a&D3=0&D4=0&D5=0-4&D6=18&HDR=G5,G3,G2,G4&STB=G1,T&VW=T, http://statline.cbs.nl/Statweb/selection/?DM=SLNL&PA=82931NED&VW=T, http://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_2015/Rapportage_Sport_2014, https://www.scp.nl/Onderzoek/Bronnen/Beknopte_onderzoeksbeschrijvingen/Richtlijn_voor_sportdeelname_onderzoek_RSO, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.11.011. Boys tend to be influenced by their friendship network to a greater extent than girls. We examined their interpretations of the factors that supported or hindered their continued involvement in these activities over the years. This study examined young adult sequelae of participation in high school activities and identity group for 900 participants from the Michigan Study of Life Transitions.Participation at Grade 10 in high school activities predicted later substance use, psychological adjustment, and educational and occupational outcomes.Prosocial activity participation predicted lower substance use and higher self-esteem and an increased likelihood of college graduation.Performing arts participation predicted more years of education as well as increases in drinking between ages 18 and 21 and higher rates of suicide attempts and psychologist visits by the age of 24.Sports participation predicted positive educational and occupational outcomes and lower levels of social isolation but also higher rates of drinking. Because the current literature shows mixed empirical evidence for individual-environmental interactions in explaining physical activity or sports participation, as results differ greatly depending on the specific interactions studied, more research is needed regarding the interactions of different socio-ecological levels for specific health behaviours . Other studies have highlighted the importance of intrinsic goals (e.g., developing skills, seeking challenge, gaining social affiliation and improving health) for participation in sports and physical activity and sports frequency . In addition, the correction for education level in our multivariate analyses implies that the results represent the general relation across education levels in a reliable way. Members of traditional sports clubs, on the other hand, were more experienced and competitive athletes and participated more frequently in team sports. This implies that sports frequency is higher when participants engage in settings that better fit their motivations and goals. First, we explore the link between involvement in these activities and our indicators of positive and negative development. Given that the current findings represent perceptions only, future prospective work is needed to further our understanding of the effects of experiencing emotional abuse. To maintain or increase the number of members and to not lose ground to informal sports settings, sports clubs could offer extra (low threshold, few skills needed) trainings focused on less experienced or less competitive participants and those with poorer health status, who prefer to have more flexibility and less obligation or recognition from others. Module Title: Research Design and Critique Assessment Title: Final Research Proposal Assignment Title: Sports experience in primary and secondary school times and subsequent sport participation among students 1. More athletes in leanness sports (46.7%) had clinical EDs than athletes in non-leanness sports (19.8%) and controls (21.4%) (P<0.001). In this paper we build upon definitions of sports participation used in the previous literature [10–12] and we distinguish between the following sports settings: 1) club-organized sports settings (i.e., voluntary sports clubs), 2) non-club organized settings (i.e., gyms, health centres or swimming pools) and 3) informal settings such as public spaces. Recorded interview sessions were transcribed verbatim and themes were coded from the transcripts using open, axial, and selective coding techniques. Spend a substantial amount of their lives 1-2 ), aged 18–80 years old, were randomly from! ' experiences of emotional abuse in the Area of sports participation differs between settings a 5-point Likert scale from! Controlled and autonomous motivation ( α = 0.85 ) was calculated by obtaining average... 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